Editor in Chief

Dr. Jagdish Gupta

Principal, Arya PG College, Panipat (Haryana)

Dy. Chief Editor

Dr. (Mrs.) Santosh Tikoo

Head, Depts. of Home Science, Textile & Fashion Designing and Interior Designing, Arya PG College, Panipat (Haryana)

A Joint Publication Of

Arya PG College (College with Potential for Excellence Status by UGC) G.T. Road, Panipat – 132103 (Haryana), India


Business Press India Delhi NCR, India

© Alleviation: An International Journal of Nutrition, Gender & Social Development,

ISSN 2348-9340, Volume 2, Number 2 (2015)

All rights reserved. No part of this journal may be reproduced or transmitted in any form (Electronic or mechanical means including photocopy, recording or any information stored in a retrieval system) without the prior written permission of the publisher

Disclaimer: All views expressed by the contributors in their research papers are their personal views. The Editor/Publisher is not responsible for their views. All disputes, if any, arising out of contributors’ views dealing with journal are subject to Panipat (Haryana), India (For Editorial) and Delhi, India (For Publication) jurisdiction only.

Alleviation: An International Journal of Nutrition, Gender & Social Development with ISSN 2348-9340 is an interdisciplinary, peer reviewed, internationally circulated research journal and welcomes scholarly unpublished manuscripts from individuals, professional bodies, industries, industrial associations and trade unions etc. having information on nutrition, gender and social development issues and willing to share the same with others at national and international level.

Editorial Board

Chief Patron : Sh. Ravindra Gupta, President, Arya PG College Managing Committee, Panipat (Haryana), India.

Patron : : Sh. Surinder Shingla, Gen. Secretary, Arya PG College Managing Committee, Panipat (Haryana), India.

Editor in Chief : Dr. Jagdish Gupta, Principal, Arya PG College, Panipat.

Dy. Chief Editor : Dr. (Mrs.) Santosh Tikoo, Head, Depts. of Home Science, Textile & Fashion Designing and Interior Designing, Arya PG College , Panipat (Haryana), India.

International Advisory Board

Dr. Jane Desmond , Professor, Anthropology, Gender and Women’s and Global Studies, University of Illinois, Urbana, USA.

Dr. Jinky Leilanie, Research Professor, National Institute of Health, University of the Philippines, Manila.

Dr. Jagmohan Chauhan, Former Vice Chancellor, Dr Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry University, Nauni, Solan (Himachal Pradesh), India .

Dr. Kirti Singh, Former Vice Chancellor, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University, Faizabad (Uttar Pradesh), India.

Dr. Michael Addis, Professor, Hiatt School of Psychology, Clark University, Worecester (USA).

Dr. M.M.Bandhopadhya, Former Vice Chancellor, University of Engineering and Technology, Calicut (Kerala), India.

Dr. R.S. Chauhan, Former Vice Chancellor, Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur (Bihar), India .

Dr. Balbir Kaur , Pro-Vice Chancellor, B.P.S. Mahila University Khanpur (Haryana).

Dr. Farzana Alim , Dean, Faculty of Agricultural Science, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh).

Dr. Manjit Dhillion , Former Dean, College of Home Science, PAU, Ludhiana, Presently Director, LLRMIMT, Dhudike,Moga (Punjab).

Dr. Neelam Grewal , Dean, College of Home Science, PAU , Ludhiana (Punjab).

Dr.Promilla Sharma , Professor, Department of Family Resource Management, Faculty of Home Science, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar (Uttarakhand).

Dr. Sudesh Gandhi, Professor and Head, Department of Family Resource Management, College of Home Science, CCSHAU, Hisar (Haryana), India.

Reviewer Committee

Dr. Deepa Vinay, Professor & Head, Department of Family Resource Management, Faculty of Home Science, G.B. Pant University of Horticulture and Technology, Pantnagar (Uttrakhand), India .

Dr. Jessy Abraham, Professor, Department of Home Science, Jammia Millia University, New Delhi, India.

Dr.Maneesha Shukul, Professor, Department of Family Resource Management, Faculty of Family and Community Studies, M.S. University, Baroda (Gujarat), India.

Dr. Rameshawari Pandya, Professor & Head, Department of Home Science Extension Education, Faculty of Family and Community Studies, M.S. University , Baroda (Gujarat), India.

Dr. Renu Malaviya, Associate Professor, Lady Irwin College of Home Science, New Delhi, India.

Dr. Vinti Dabur, Former Professor & Chairperson, Department of Home Science, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, India .

Sandeep Phogat , School of Mechanical Science and Technology Lingaya's University, Faridabad.

Ranbir Singh, Department of Mechanical Science and Technology, Deenbandu University of Science and Technology, Murthal (Haryana).

Chief & Deputy Chief Editor’s Note

Welcome to the first annual issue of the Alleviation: An International Journal of Nutrition, Gender & Social Development. This journal has been created to keep abreast of issues related to Nutrition (i.e. Influence of various factors on nutrition of the individual and community; nutritional status of children, women and men; digestion, absorption and metabolism of food; nutrient requirements in health and disease, the impact of nutrient intake on disease response, work performance and behavior; nutrition and immunity; nutrition and chronic diseases; nutritional deficiencies; nutrition and aging; nutrition and obesity; and intervention programs), Gender (i.e. Women’s access to micro saving schemes and microfinance, women’s role in crop, livestock, fishery and microenterprise activities; gender division of labor; gender analysis; gender planning; gender relations; gender equality; gender training; gender rights; gender discrimination; gender mainstreaming; gender needs; multitasking of women; government policies to empower women; improvements to women's lives; and women workers in the unorganized sector) and Social Development (i.e Broken homes and broken families; home environment; growth vs environment conservation; health care system; poverty eradication; employment generation; technology transfer and development; interpersonal relations; availability of food; quality of water and sanitation). The present journal will provide rich reference material for the researchers in future.

I would like to extend my gratitude to all the contributors who made this venture successful by contributing their outstanding work for publication. I am thankful to the Principal , Dr. Jagdish Gupta, for his constant support and encouragement. I am also thankful to Ms. Meenu, Ms. Sonam and Ms.Ronak for helping in setting the text of the journal

Dr. Santosh Tikoo

Table of Contents

Sr No. Topic
1) Effect of Type of Family, its Status and Literacy Level on the Nutritional Status of Adolescent Girls Abha Khetarpal
2) Assessment of Factors Contributing to Awkward Posture in Children While Carrying their School Bag Kanchan Pant, Harpinder Kaur & Munider Sidhu
3) A Study of the Effect of Yogic Intervention on Blood Pressure and Stress Level of Students Dr. Asim Kulshrestha
4) Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Practices amongst Slum Girls of Chandigarh Dr. Ritu Pradhan & Monika
5) A Study of the Health Status of Children Abha Khetarpal
6) Role of Khap Panchayats for Ameliorating Social Problems with Special Reference to Female Foeticide in Haryana: An Analysis Dr. Dalbir Singh & Dr. Santosh Hooda
7) Interpersonal Relationship of Adolescent Girls with their Working and Non-Working Mothers Dr. Kalpna
8) Constraints in Women Economic Empowerment Mrs. Usha Dua
9) A Study on Financial Management in Urban Families of Haryana
10) Success Factors for Innovative Management Dr. Jagdish Gupta
11) Expenditure Pattern of Urban Families Dr. Anju Chaudhary & Dr. Binoo Sehgal
12) Antimicrobial Finished NYCO for Safe Indian Military Ratna Tiwari, Sneha Sharma, Dr. Sandhya Kaushik & Dr. MS Parmar
13) Designing of Cushion Covers with the Most Preferred Phulkari Motifs Using Four Implementation Techniques Mrs.Sandeep Reen
14) Revival of Batik with Natural Dyes from Selected Plant Wastes Megha Bakshi & Chhaya Verma
15) Environmental Concerns and Household Purchase Practices of Working Women of Ludhiana City Shifali Sharma, Surinderjit Kaur & Gurdeep Kaur
16) Assessment and Enhancement of Knowledge of Youth Regarding Green Buildings for Sustainable Future Shilpi Saraswat & Dr. Maneesha Shukul
International Conference -Multidisciplinary